Viticulture
in russia
r

Total vineyard area in Russia

According to the Federal State Statistics Service of Russia (hereinafter referred to as Rosstat), in 2019 the vineyard area of all categories of estates amounted to 95,900 hectares.
Main regions for grape cultivation in Russia

The climate in the southern regions of Russia is favourable for the cultivation of wine grapes.

The Krasnodar region is the largest Russian region by vineyard area. As of 1 January 2020, according to the Department of Viticulture and Wine Industry of the Ministry of Agriculture and Processing Industry of the Krasnodar region, the vineyard area in the region amounted to 27,520 hectares, of which 20,600 hectares was of fruiting age and 4,500 hectares planted to table varieties. More than 70 specialised companies and about 150 small business enterprises are engaged in viticulture in the Krasnodar region.

The main regions of grape cultivation in Russia also include:

  • Crimea (Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol)
  • Republic of Dagestan
  • Stavropol region
  • Rostov region
  • Kabardino-Balkarian Republic
  • Volgograd region

Main grape varieties cultivated in Russia
Both indigenous and international grape varieties are cultivated in Russia. According to the Russian Wines Competition 2020 statistics, the following are the most popular international grape varieties: white varieties - Aligoté, Chardonnay, the Muscat family, Pinot Blanc, Riesling and Sauvignon Blanc; black varieties - Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Pinot Noir.

The most popular indigenous varieties include: white varieties - Kokur Belyy, Rkatsiteli, Sary Pandas and Sibirkovyy; black varieties - Bastardo Magarachskiy, Golubok, Kefesiya, Krasnostop Zolotovskiy, Saperavi and Tsimlyanskiy Chernyy.

Gross grape harvest in Russia

According to Rosstat, the gross grape harvest in 2019 amounted to 678,000 tons.
Viticulture development in Russia

The development of viticulture in Russia is actively supported by the government. Thus, according to the Department of Viticulture and Wine Industry of the Ministry of Agriculture and Processing Industry of the Krasnodar region, just under 1.04 billion RUB (€12,916,926) were allocated for this in 2019, including 325.7 million RUB (€4,056,545) from the regional and 711.4 million RUB (€8,860,381) from the federal budget. The support funds were distributed as follows: 937.1 million RUB (€11,671,441) for laying vineyards, installing trellising and vineyard work, and 100 million RUB (€1,245,485) for developing nurseries and installing drip irrigation.
Training for the viticulture industry in Russia
The two leading educational institutions training personnel for the viticulture industry in Russia are the Kuban State Agrarian University, one of the recognised leaders in higher agricultural education in Russia and the largest centre of science, education and innovation in the Southern Federal District, and the Russian State Agrarian University, the Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy, which has trained over 200,000 specialists over the last 150 years.